# Help:Editing

PinataIsland.info is a wiki, which means that anyone can easily edit any unprotected page and have those changes posted immediately to that page.

Editing a wiki page is very easy. Simply click on the "edit this page" tab at the top of a wiki page (or on a section-edit link). This will bring you to a new page with a text box containing the editable text of the original page. You should write a short edit summary in the small field below the edit-box. When you have finished, press the Show preview button to see how your changes will look. You can also see the difference between the page with your edits and the previous version of the page by pressing the Show changes button. If you're happy with what you see, press the Save page button. Your changes will immediately be visible to other PinataIsland.info users.

If you just want to experiment with wiki markup, please do so in the sandbox.

You can also click on the "Discussion" tab to see the corresponding Talk Page, which contains comments about the page from other PinataIsland.info users. Click on the "+" tab to add a new section, or edit the page in the same way as an article page.

You should remember to sign your messages, but you should not sign edits you make to regular articles. In page histories, the MediaWiki software keeps track of which user makes each change.

## Minor edits

When editing a page, a logged-in user can mark that edit as being "minor". Minor edits generally mean spelling corrections, formatting, and minor rearrangement of text. It is possible to hide minor edits when viewing the recent changes. Marking a significant change as a minor edit is considered bad behavior, especially when it involves the deletion of some text. If you accidentally mark an edit as minor, you should edit the source once more, mark it major (or, rather, ensure that the check-box for "This is a minor edit" is not checked), and, in the summary, state that the previous change was a major one.

## Wiki markup

The wiki markup is the syntax system you can use to format a PinataIsland.info page.

In the left column of the table below, you can see what effects are possible. In the right column, you can see how those effects were achieved. In other words, to make text look like it looks in the left column, type it in the format you see in the right column.

You may want to keep this page open in a separate browser window for reference.

### Examples

What it looks like What you type

New section

Subsection

Sub-subsection

• Don't skip levels (for example, second-level followed by fourth-level).
==New section==

===Subsection===

====Sub-subsection====


A single newline generally has no effect on the layout. These can be used to separate sentences within a paragraph. Some editors find that this aids editing and improves the function diff (used internally to compare different versions of a page).

But an empty line starts a new paragraph.

• When used in a list, a newline does affect the layout (see below).
A single newline
generally has no effect on the layout.
These can be used to separate
sentences within a paragraph.
Some editors find that this aids editing
and improves the function ''diff''
(used internally to compare
different versions of a page).

But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.


You can break lines
without starting a new paragraph.

• Close markup between lines, do not start a link or italics or bold on one line and close it on the next.
You can break lines<br>
without starting a new paragraph.

• It's easy to create a list:
• Start every line with a star (asterisk).
• More stars means deeper levels.
• A newline in a list

marks the end of a list item.

• An empty line starts a new list.
* It's easy to create a list:
** Start every line with a star.
*** More stars means deeper levels.
**** A newline in a list
marks the end of a list item.

* An empty line starts a new list.

1. Numbered lists are also good
1. very organized
2. easy to follow
1. easier still
# Numbered lists are also good
## very organized
## easy to follow
### easier still

Definition list
list of definitions
item
the item's definition
another item
the other item's definition
• Begin with a semicolon. One item per line; a newline can appear before the colon, but using a space before the colon improves parsing.
; Definition list : list of definitions
; item : the item's definition
; another item
: the other item's definition

• You can even create mixed lists
1. and nest them
• like this
can I mix definition list as well?
yes
how?
it's easy as
• a
• b
• c
* You can even create mixed lists
*# and nest them
*#* like this
*#*; can I mix definition list as well?
*#*: yes
*#*; how?
*#*: it's easy as
*#*:* a
*#*:* b
*#*:* c

A colon indents a line or paragraph.

A manual newline starts a new paragraph.

• This is primarily for displayed material, but is also used for discussion Talk Pages.
: A colon indents a line or paragraph.
A manual newline starts a new paragraph.


When there is a need for separating a block of text

The blockquote command will indent both margins when needed instead of the left margin only as the colon does.

This is useful for (as the name says) inserting blocks of quoted (and cited) text.

<blockquote>
The '''blockquote''' command will indent
both margins when needed instead of the
left margin only as the colon does.
</blockquote>


(See formula on right):

• This is useful for:
• pasting preformatted text;
• algorithm descriptions;
• program source code;
• ASCII art;
• chemical structures;
• WARNING: If you make it wide, you force the whole page to be wide and hence less readable, especially for people who use lower resolutions. Never start ordinary lines with spaces.
 IF a line starts with a space THEN
it will be formatted exactly
as typed;
in a fixed-width font;
lines will not wrap;
End If

Centered text.
• Please note the American spelling of "center."
<center>Centered text.</center>


A horizontal dividing line: this is above it

and this is below it.

• Mainly useful for
• disambiguation - but to be used sparsely, only when separating completely different, unrelated (groups of) meanings
• separating threads on Talk pages.
A horizontal dividing line:
this is above it
----
and this is below it.


What it looks like What you type

There are many species of Piñata.

• A link to another PinataIsland.info article.
• Internally, the first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link has the same effect as typing a space, but is not recommended).
• Thus the link above is to the URL http://pinataisland.info/viva/Species, which is the PinataIsland.info article with the name "Species".
There are many [[species]] of Piñata.


Piñatas are fun.

• Same target, different name.
• This is a piped link.
• The "piped" text must be placed first, the text that will be displayed, second.
[[Species|Piñatas]] are fun.


That game is Candyish.

• Endings are blended into the link.
• Preferred style is to use this instead of a piped link, if possible.
That game is [[Candy]]ish.


• A link to another namespace.

Automatically hide stuff in parentheses: kingdom.

• The server fills in the part after the pipe character (|) when you save the page. The next time you open the edit box you will see the expanded piped link. When previewing your edits, you will not see the expanded form until you press Save and Edit again. The same applies to links to sections within the same page (see previous entry).
Automatically hide stuff
in parentheses:
[[kingdom (biology)|]].



Pokemon in Viva Piñata is a page that does not exist yet.

• You can create it by clicking on the link (but please do not do so with this one).
• To create a new page:
1. Create a link to it on some other (related) page.
2. Save that page.
3. Click on the link you just made. The new page will open for editing.
• Please do not create a new article without linking to it from at least one other article.
[[Pokemon in Viva Piñata]]
is a page
that does not exist yet.


• Self links appear as bold text when the article is viewed.
• Do not use this technique to make the article name bold in the first paragraph.
[[Help:Editing]]


Areku

or four to add user name plus date/time:

Areku 18:42, 1 February 2006 (PST)

Five tildes gives the date/time alone:

18:42, 1 February 2006 (PST)
• The first two both provide a link to your user page.
When adding a comment to a Talk page,
you should sign it by adding
: ~~~
or four for user name plus date/time:
: ~~~~
Five tildes gives the date/time alone:
: ~~~~~

• Redirect one article title to another by placing a directive like the one shown to the right on the first line of the article.
• Note that, while it is possible to link to a section, it is not possible to redirect to a section. For example, "#REDIRECT [[Gameplay#Species]]" will redirect to the Gameplay page, but not to any particular section on it.
#REDIRECT [[Candy]]


'''What links here''' and
'''Related changes'''


A user 's Contributions page can be linked as: Special:Contributions/UserName or Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0

A user 's '''Contributions''' page
or
[[Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0]]

• To put an article in a Main Page:Category, place a link like the one to the right anywhere in the article. They will always show up in the same place when you save the page, but placement at the end of the edit box is recommended.
[[Category:Species]]

• To link to a Main Page:Category page without putting the article into the category, use an initial colon (:) in the link.
[[:Category:Character sets]]


Date formats:

• Link dates in one of the above formats, so that everyone can set their own display order. If logged in, you can use Special:Preferences to change your own date display setting.
• All of the above dates will appear as "20 July 1969" if you set your date display preference to "15 January 2001", but as "July 20, 1969" if you set it to "January 15, 2001", or as "1969-07-20" if you set it to "2001-01-15".
Date formats:
# [[July 20]], [[1969]]
# [[20 July]] [[1969]]
# [[1969]]-[[07-20]]
# [[1969-07-20]]



### Images

Only images that have been uploaded to PinataIsland.info can be used. To upload images, use the upload page. You can find the uploaded image on the image list.

What it looks like What you type
A picture:

A picture:
[[Image:wikilogo.jpg]]
With alternative text:

With alternative text:
[[Image:wikilogo.jpg|jigsaw globe]]
• Alternative text, used when a mouse hovers over the image or when the image is not loaded in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud, is strongly encouraged.
Floating to the right side of the page and with a caption:

Floating to the right side of the page
and with a caption:
[[Image:wikilogo.jpg|frame]]
• The frame tag automatically floats the image right.
• The caption is also used as alternate text.
Floating to the right side of the page without a caption:
Floating to the right side of the page
''without'' a caption:
[[Image:wikilogo.jpg|right]]
Linking directly to the description page of an image:
Linking directly to the description page
of an image:
[[:Image:wikilogo.jpg]]
• Clicking on an image displayed on a page

(such as any of the ones above) also leads to the description page

Linking directly to an image without displaying it:
Linking directly to an image
without displaying it:
[[media:wikilogo.jpg|Image of the jigsaw globe logo]]
Using the div tag to separate images from text (note that this may allow images to cover text):
Example:
<div style="display:inline;
width:220px; float:right;">
Place images here </div>
Using wiki markup to make a table in which to place a vertical column of images (this helps edit links match headers, especially in Firefox browsers):
Example: {| align=right
|-
|
Place images here
|}


### Character formatting

What it looks like What you type

Emphasize, strongly, very strongly.

• These are double, triple, and quintuple apostrophes (single-quote marks), not double-quote marks.
''Emphasize'', '''strongly''', '''''very strongly'''''.


$\sin x + \ln y$
Sin x + lny

$\mathbf{x} = 0$
x = 0

Ordinary text should use wiki markup for emphasis, and should not use <i> or <b>. However, mathematical formulas often use italics, and sometimes use bold, for reasons unrelated to emphasis. Complex formulas should use $ markup, and simple formulas may use [itex]; or <i> and <b>; or '' and '''. [itex]\sin x + \ln y$
Sin ''x'' + ln''y''

$\mathbf{x} = 0$
'''x''' = 0


A typewriter font for monospace text or for computer code: int main()

• For semantic reasons, using <code> where applicable is preferable to using <tt>.
A typewriter font for <tt>monospace text</tt>
or for computer code: <code>int main()</code>


You can use small text for captions.

You can use <small>small text</small> for captions.


You can strike out deleted material and underline new material.

You can also mark deleted material and inserted material using logical markup rather than visual markup.

• When editing regular PinataIsland.info articles, just make your changes and do not mark them up in any special way.
• When editing your own previous remarks in talk pages, it is sometimes appropriate to mark up deleted or inserted material.
You can <s>strike out deleted material</s>
and <u>underline new material</u>.

You can also mark <del>deleted material</del> and
<ins>inserted material</ins> using logical markup
rather than visual markup.


Diacritical marks:
À Á Â Ã Ä Å
Æ Ç È É Ê Ë
Ì Í Î Ï Ñ Ò
Ó Ô Õ Ö Ø Ù
Ú Û Ü ß à á
â ã ä å æ ç
è é ê ë ì í
î ï ñ ò ó ô
œ õ ö ø ù ú
û ü ÿ

&Agrave; &Aacute; &Acirc; &Atilde; &Auml; &Aring;
&AElig; &Ccedil; &Egrave; &Eacute; &Ecirc; &Euml;
&Igrave; &Iacute; &Icirc; &Iuml; &Ntilde; &Ograve;
&Oacute; &Ocirc; &Otilde; &Ouml; &Oslash; &Ugrave;
&Uacute; &Ucirc; &Uuml; &szlig; &agrave; &aacute;
&acirc; &atilde; &auml; &aring; &aelig; &ccedil;
&egrave; &eacute; &ecirc; &euml; &igrave; &iacute;
&icirc; &iuml; &ntilde; &ograve; &oacute; &ocirc;
&oelig; &otilde; &ouml; &oslash; &ugrave; &uacute;
&ucirc; &uuml; &yuml;


Punctuation:
¿ ¡ § ¶
† ‡ • – —
‹ › « »
‘ ’ “ ”

&iquest; &iexcl; &sect; &para;
&dagger; &Dagger; &bull; &ndash; &mdash;
&lsaquo; &rsaquo; &laquo; &raquo;
&lsquo; &rsquo; &ldquo; &rdquo;


Commercial symbols:
™ © ® ¢ € ¥
£ ¤

&trade; &copy; &reg; &cent; &euro; &yen;
&pound; &curren;


Subscripts:
x1 x2 x3 or
x₀ x₁ x₂ x₃ x₄
x₅ x₆ x₇ x₈ x₉

Superscripts:
x1 x2 x3 or
x⁰ x¹ x² x³ x⁴
x⁵ x⁶ x⁷ x⁸ x⁹

• The latter methods of sub/superscripting cannot be used in the most general context, as they rely on Unicode support which may not be present on all users' machines. For the 1-2-3 superscripts, it is nevertheless preferred when possible (as with units of measurement) because most browsers have an easier time formatting lines with it.

ε0 = 8.85 × 10−12 C² / J m.

x<sub>1</sub> x<sub>2</sub> x<sub>3</sub> or
<br/>
x&#8320; x&#8321; x&#8322; x&#8323; x&#8324;
<br/>
x&#8325; x&#8326; x&#8327; x&#8328; x&#8329;

x<sup>1</sup> x<sup>2</sup> x<sup>3</sup> or
<br/>
x&#8304; x&sup1; x&sup2; x&sup3; x&#8308;
<br/>
x&#8309; x&#8310; x&#8311; x&#8312; x&#8313;

&epsilon;<sub>0</sub> =
8.85 &times; 10<sup>&minus;12</sup>
C&sup2; / J m.

1 [[hectare]] = [[1 E4 m&sup2;]]


Greek characters:
α β γ δ ε ζ
η θ ι κ λ μ ν
ξ ο π ρ σ ς
τ υ φ χ ψ ω
Γ Δ Θ Λ Ξ Π
Σ Φ Ψ Ω

&alpha; &beta; &gamma; &delta; &epsilon; &zeta;
&eta; &theta; &iota; &kappa; &lambda; &mu; &nu;
&xi; &omicron; &pi; &rho; &sigma; &sigmaf;
&tau; &upsilon; &phi; &chi; &psi; &omega;
&Gamma; &Delta; &Theta; &Lambda; &Xi; &Pi;
&Sigma; &Phi; &Psi; &Omega;


Mathematical characters:
∫ ∑ ∏ √ − ± ∞
≈ ∝ ≡ ≠ ≤ ≥
× · ÷ ∂ ′ ″
∇ ‰ ° ∴ ℵ ø
∈ ∉ ∩ ∪ ⊂ ⊃ ⊆ ⊇
¬ ∧ ∨ ∃ ∀ ⇒ ⇔
→ ↔

&int; &sum; &prod; &radic; &minus; &plusmn; &infin;
&asymp; &prop; &equiv; &ne; &le; &ge;
&times; &middot; &divide; &part; &prime; &Prime;
&nabla; &permil; &deg; &there4; &alefsym; &oslash;
&isin; &notin; &cap; &cup; &sub; &sup; &sube; &supe;
&not; &and; &or; &exist; &forall; &rArr; &hArr;
&rarr; &harr;


Spacing in simple math formulas:
Obviously, x² ≥ 0 is true.

• To space things out without allowing line breaks to interrupt the formula, use non-breaking spaces: &nbsp;.

Obviously, ''x''&sup2;&nbsp;&ge;&nbsp;0 is true.


Complicated formulas:

$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$
• See forumula help on wikipedia] for how to use $. • A formula displayed on a line by itself should probably be indented by using the colon (:) character. : [itex]\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$


Suppressing interpretation of markup:

• Used to show literal data that would otherwise have special meaning.
• Escape all wiki markup, including that which looks like HTML tags.
• Does not escape HTML character references.
• To escape HTML character references such as &rarr; use &amp;rarr;

<nowiki>Link &rarr; (''to'')
the [[PinataIsland FAQ]]</nowiki>


Commenting page source:
not shown when viewing page

• Used to leave comments in a page for future editors.
• Note that most comments should go on the appropriate Talk Page

<!-- comment here -->


When Polling or voting:
Use Polling Templtes

*{{support}}
*{{oppose}}
*{{neutral}}
*{{comment}}
*{{vd}}
*{{vk}}


At the current status of the wiki markup language, having at least four headers on a page triggers the TOC to appear in front of the first header (or after introductory sections). Putting __TOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to appear at that point (instead of just before the first header). Putting __NOTOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to disappear.

### Tables

There are two ways to build tables:

### Variables

Code Effect
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 30
{{CURRENTDOW}} 5
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 07
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} July
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} July
{{CURRENTDAY}} 28
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Friday
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2017
{{CURRENTTIME}} 19:02
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 556
{{PAGENAME}} Editing
{{NAMESPACE}} Help
{{REVISIONID}} 10221
{{localurl:pagename}} /viva/Pagename
{{localurl:|action=edit}}
{{SERVER}} http://pinataisland.info
{{ns:1}} Talk
{{ns:2}} User
{{ns:3}} User talk
{{ns:4}} PinataIsland.info
{{ns:5}} PinataIsland.info talk
{{ns:6}} File
{{ns:7}} File talk
{{ns:8}} MediaWiki
{{ns:9}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} Template
{{ns:11}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} Help
{{ns:13}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} Category
{{ns:15}} Category talk
{{SITENAME}} PinataIsland.info

NUMBEROFARTICLES is the number of pages in the main namespace which contain a link and are not a redirect, in other words number of articles, stubs containing a link, and disambiguation pages.

CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN is the genitive (possessive) grammatical form of the month name, as used in some languages; CURRENTMONTHNAME is the nominative (subject) form, as usually seen in English.

In languages where it makes a difference, you can use constructs like {{grammar:case|word}} to convert a word from the nominative case to some other case. For example, {{grammar:genitive|{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}}}} means the same as {{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}}.

### Templates

The MediaWiki software used by PinataIsland.info has support for templates. This means standardized text chunks can be inserted into articles. For example, typing {{stub}} will appear as "This article is a SXtub. You can help PinataIsland.info by expanding it." when the page is saved. See Template messages for the complete list. Other commonly used templates are: {{disambig}} for disambiguation pages, {{spoiler}} for spoiler warnings and {{sectstub}} like an article stub but for a section.